On penalty kicks, the soccer goalie faces a disadvantage.
By Craig Haley
PlaySportsTV Managing Editor
The introductory levels of youth soccer are often about kicking the ball, having fun and, well, watching the swarm of players surrounding the ball.
You will be well-served by coaching soccer rules to the young players. Following are the 10 most important soccer rules to help youngsters develop their skills:
Center Kick-off: The center of the field is where the action starts, whether at the beginning of quarters/halves or after a goal. Only two offensive players can be inside the arc surrounding the center of the field. At the referee’s command, one of the players will touch the soccer ball forward for the other player to touch it in any direction. Any player can converge on the ball after the first touch.
Hand Ball: You’ve probably said it or heard somebody say, “Only the goalie can use his hands.” Well, it’s true, so make sure your field players keep their hands away from the ball and aren’t afraid of it coming at them in the air. The soccer goalie can only touch the ball with his hands inside his team’s 18-yard box.
Throw-in: OK, field players are allowed to use their hands on this play, but the soccer ball is coming from outside the field of play. Awarded when the ball crosses completely over the side line, the team that did not touch the ball last is allowed to throw it back into play. Coaching the throw-in technique is just as important as explaining the rule. A player must use both hands to throw the ball from behind and over his head, and with both feet on the ground. He takes the throw-in from the spot where the ball went out of play.
Free Kick: Eventually you will break down this rule to direct kicks (a goal can be scored off the first touch) and indirect kicks (a goal cannot be scored off the first touch), but at the beginner level make sure your youngsters know that when their team commits a foul, the other team gets the ball and will restart play with an unguarded kick.
Goal Kick: The soccer defense restarts play with a free kick from its 6-yard line. It is awarded to the defensive team when the offensive team last touches the ball before it goes out of bounds over the end line, or goal line (it doesn’t apply if a goal was scored).
Corner Kick: The offense restarts play with this free kick from one of the corners of the field. It is awarded to the offensive team when the defensive team last touches the ball before it goes out of bounds over the end line, or goal line (it doesn’t apply if a goal was scored). The ball is placed at the nearest corner.
Penalty Kick: Also called a “PK”, this free shot against the soccer goalie is awarded to an offensive player when the defense commits a foul within its 18-yard box, including for a hand ball, pushing or tripping. All other players must stand outside the penalty box until the free kick is taken on goal. The goalie should position himself in the center of the goal mouth, and he must stand still until the ball is struck.
Offside: Keep it simple: Just make sure your players do not go behind the other team’s defenders unless they are dribbling the ball or following the dribbler. When the ball is on the opponent’s side of the field, the offensive players must be in front of or even with the second-to-last defender (the goalie is the last defender) when the ball is passed behind this second-to-last defender. Eventually, defenses will try to draw opponents offside with strategic movement, but the youngsters won’t face a trap at the introductory level.
Dangerous Play: Although this soccer rule doesn’t often apply to the introductory level, it’s important to explain for player safety. It occurs when the referee determines a player did something that is unsafe to himself or another player. Even trying to play a ball from the ground while being around another player is a dangerous play.
Unsportsmanlike Conduct: Hopefully, none of your youth soccer players will be collecting a yellow card or red card for poor behavior. Promote the importance of sportsmanship and explain how a referee does not allow direct physical or vocal abuse to him or any players, or intentional fouls.
Information from Soccerhelp.com contributed to this article.
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